On other teams, team members may start to feel overwhelmed with the tasks assigned to them or are uncomfortable with some other aspect of the project. Another situation could be that the team members think the goal is not clear and resist working on tasks they don’t think are essential. Agile/Scrum and other teams go through stages of development, and Bruce Tuckman established a popular framework on the subject. According to Tuckman, all phases—Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing and Adjourning—are necessary for the team to grow, tackle problems, find solutions, plan work, and deliver results.

What are the six stages of group development?

Stages of Group Development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing & Adjourning.

Being resilient, laying aside ego and working together will allow the team to meet the challenges and emerge stronger than when they started. The final stage is marked by high productivity and enthusiasm. The team is collaborating to meet the original goals and objectives, and the members are excited to be on a high-performing team. In this stage, leadership is shared as the team works toward exceeding standards and continuous improvement.

An Overview Of The Five Stages And Team Development

During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop. Alternatively, some team members may find focussing on the task at hand is an effective response to their sadness or sense of loss. When you have been on a team, how did you know how to act? How did you know what behaviors were acceptable or what level of performance was required? Teams usually develop norms that guide the activities of team members. Team norms set a standard for behavior, attitude, and performance that all team members are expected to follow. Instead, all the team members implicitly understand them.

Still, your views may be subjective and not coincide with how other members of the team see the situation. Thus, it is better to discuss this question with the team. Members of the team are flexible, confident, and independent.

Coaching In Management

Integrate Everhour in any of your current project management tools, CRMs or accounting programs. Delegate tasks by using a team schedule for observing the workload for each member of the team. Team members feel insecure as they don’t know what to expect from their upcoming work. They need some time 🕒 to emotionally overcome the loss of the close relations they had with the team during their experience, and get acquainted with their new teammates. Measure and boost team members’ productivity to prepare them for the next stage.

team development stages

Everyone has their own working approach, and the success of the team depends on a proper communication and willingness to compromise. However, if different working styles cause unforeseen problems, they may become frustrated. The leader must feel such negative trends within the team and efficiently manage conflicts.

Easier Team Management Is Possible

With a thoughtful look at each stage of team development, you can solve problems before they derail the team. You cannot treat a team the same at each stage of its development because the stages dictate different support actions. These support actions, taken at the right time, will allow your teams to successfully meet their challenges. Your remote teams will go through the 5 stages of team development whether or not they have your guidance, but you can accelerate their progress when you know how to support them along the way. When you can identify which development phase your teams are in, it’s much easier to provide exactly the direction they need so they feel more focused and connected. While working on a high-performing team may be a truly pleasurable and growthful experience, it is not the end of team development.

team development stages

Team development is the act of supporting and training a group of individuals placed together to work as a cohesive unit to accomplish an intended outcome. Strategies for this phase include ‘guiding from the side’ , celebrating successes, and encouraging collective decision-making and problem-solving. Traits of Storming include resistance, lack of participation, conflict related to differences of feelings and opinions, competition, team development stages high emotions, and starting to move towards group norms. Strategies for this phase include requesting and encouraging feedback, identifying issues and facilitating their resolution, normalizing matters, and building trust by honoring commitments. Characteristics of Forming include displaying eagerness, socializing, generally polite tone, sticking to safe topics, being unclear about how one fits in, and some anxiety and questioning.

Orientation (forming Stage)

According to Tuckman, all phases—Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning—are necessary for teams to grow, tackle problems, find solutions, plan work, and deliver results. Scott M. Graffius developed a related custom illustration, Phases of Team Development, which he revises periodically. He released an updated version of the visual on January 4, 2021. This article features the new version of the Phases of Team Development illustration along with a brief overview of the characteristics and strategies for each phase. Traits of Storming include resistance, lack of participation, conflict, competition, high emotions, and moving towards group norms. Strategies for this stage include normalizing matters and encouraging leadership. When your crew is in this stage, it’s important to encourage teamwork and collaboration.

So, they need positive, proactive leaders to guide them through tough deadlines and stressful situations. If you’re watching your team struggle from the safety of your glass office, then you’re not going to see great results. Happy people are more productive, more creative, and more constructive in achieving a brand’s overall goals. Everyone is on the same page and working in unison to approach the end of the project timeline. As creative director, I work with companies to improve their marketing communications and content. One area that can really suffer during the norming phase is creativity.

As the group develops cohesion, leadership changes from ‘one’ teammate in charge to shared leadership. Team members learn they have to trust one another for shared leadership to be effective. This stage begins to occur as the process of organizing tasks and processes surface interpersonal conflicts. Leadership, power, and structural issues dominate this stage. How cool is this — to know what each one of the team members is capable of and fully rely on the team. And for the team leader, it is so amazing to see the team running like clockwork. In this stage, they know each other better, as well as their responsibilities.

Researchers, experts, and practitioners are continually showcasing new practices based on psychological data to help companies build the right teams to succeed. Reach your goals faster with time tracking and work management. As great business leaders know, you can’t assume that individuals will form a cohesive team that works together to achieve business goals. School leadership team embraces the roles and processes created by the design team, refining as needed. We encourage all teacher-powered teams to see themselves not just as leaders of their own schools but as transforming forces of teaching and learning. The last stage in the model is called adjourning, which has to do with closing things off and departing on a positive note. There are many emotions and some complications that can come with this, and that’s why I want you to understand it in detail.

There are also some ways you can be creative with it, cultivating an environment where departing the project doesn’t happen hastily. In this stage typically team members are ready to leave causing significant change to the team structure, membership, team development stages or purpose and the team during the last week of class. While the group continues to perform productively they also need time to manage their feelings of termination and transition. True interdependence is the norm of this stage of group development.

The most effective and high-functioning teams are cultivated. In the performing stage, members are confident, motivated and familiar enough with the project and their team that they can operate without team development stages supervision. Everyone is on the same page and driving full-speed ahead towards the final goal. During the norming stage, people start to notice and appreciate their team members’ strengths.

In the Performing stage of team development, members feel satisfaction in the team’s progress. They share insights into personal and group process and are aware of their own (and each other’s) strengths and weaknesses.

  • The Adjourning stage is a naturally-occurring group dissolution process 🌀.
  • Strategies for this phase include ‘guiding from the side’ , celebrating successes, and encouraging collective decision-making and problem-solving.
  • According to a report on the Harvard Business Review, one of the most powerful tools to establish an environment that bolsters teamwork is creating a sense of similarity.
  • Everyone is on the same page and working in unison to approach the end of the project timeline.

I prefer to use the term ending since adjourning infers that the team has decided to call it quits. In reality, a team can experience an ending at any time, and not necessarily by their own choosing.

The 40 Best Virtual Team Building Activities for Remote Teams This article provides a guide to running team building games for remote and virtual teams. This is the point where the project comes to an end and the team separates different agile methodologies and goes their separate ways. Some team members may find this hard because they liked the routine of the group, have made close friendships or if the future, after leaving this team, looks bleak and unpromising.